HISTORY OF VIDEO GAMES

Video games have been existing ever since the early 1950s. Scientists built the first video games as instructional dummies for introducing new technology to show its strength and capabilities. They used simple games lke chess to display their findings to the public in events. In the 1970s the arcade video games were now ready for public use. Computer space by Nutting Associates became the first video game. This was the first coin operated game ever. This was in 1971. Atari introduced Pong in 1972. Pong was really a great sell after it was released. Nolan Bushnell was the man behind the Atari video game. He is still the same man that formed computer space. In 1971 Magnavox created the first home video game theatre. It was called the Odyssey. This gaming system did not have a microprocessor.

Atari introduced its home video game system in 1975. It was its version of its popular game pong, which was a great success and led to the opening up of the bright future of home video systems. In 1976, Fairchild Channel F released the first ever removable game system though Atari become the first to release such a system for commercial use. The Atari computer system which was introduced in the 1976 the 2600 had removable cartridge system that made it easy to play many games using the same hardware.

After Atari 2600, came Atari 5200, then ColecoVision, by Coleco and IntelliVision by Mattel. All these led to increased interest in home video games. The home video games lacked the standards of the arcades and this made the interest level among users to dwindle. Nintendo created the Nintendo Entertainment system in 1985 which led to the change of the video gaming industry completely. The Nintendo entertainment system brought on board great concepts that completely turned over the Video game industry. Like use of a pad controller rather than a joystick, created credible reproductions of the arcade video game for home system use and use of the hardware as a loss leader by pricing it highly to make profit from the gaming.

Nintendo’s strategy was a boom and brought much revival to the video gaming industry. People now had regard for the home video gaming systems. The Legend of Zelda which was initially developed for commercial use became a home video gaming system. Companies like Sega and Sony joined in to create their own home video systems. Nintendo ruled the video gaming industry even in the 1990s. in the early 2000s Sony released the play station 2(OS20 which functioned as DVD player. This gave more entertainment other than just video gaming. In 2001, Xbox by Microsoft and Nintendo GameCube were released to compete with the PS2. In the late 2000s, the passion for personal computer games declined for the gaming industry targeted players who were willing to play games on computers that were specifically designed for gaming. This now led to the development of portable gaming systems. Nintendo released the Nintendo DS system while Sony released Sony’s Portable Play station which all had Wi-Fi capabilities. Nintendo Ds had two processors, two screens and multi player abilities. Nokia N-Gage was released in 2003 as the first mobile gaming system. Though the Nokia N-Gage mobile gaming ended in 2005, mobile gaming still continued to be developed in other platforms. The Apple currently dominates this industry.

The video games industry continues to develop widely and rapidly even today. There are more family oriented games and online video games. Today there are millions of video games fans. Online marketing has led to the development of the video gaming industry more and more. Online marketing ha made video games to go viral. People today in any part of the world can access the video games via the smart phones, lap tops, video gaming laptops which have been designed specifically for video gaming. Online marketing has also made easy for the companies to market their games online where they are able to reach a wide number of fans. It has also created a place where video gamers from different parts of the world can meet and exchange views about the video games while competing on line for the same. Online marketing has also provided an easy platform for the video gamers to access and buy video games easily.